About Journal

the journal of "studies and research of sport education "has been established in 1986. It is supervised by Sport education college , Basra University . It is consist of editing staff whom carry scientific titles . Its chairman of the editing staff was prof. D Resan Khrebet Mejeed and he was the dean of the sport education college also .Its first edition appeared in 1986, which contained several scientific researches written by Arabic instructors and researches whom have good composed reputation like prof. D. Mehemmed Hussien A'lawy and prof. D. Mehemmed Subhy from Egypt . ...
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Journal Information

Publisher: Basrah University

Email:  sportmajz@yahoo.com

Editor-in-chief: Professor Dr. Thulfikar saleh Abdulhassein

ISSN: 1818-1503

The impact of a proposed curriculum according to the preference of visual sensory modeling in the development ofThe level of skill performance of some movements on the matGround Movements in Artistic Gymnastics

Dr. Firas Hassan Abdul-Hussein M. Fatima Hassan Hassoun; Prof. Dr. Muntazer Majeed Ali

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 11-25

The importance of the research is that the subject of methods of preference for sensory modeling of modern subjects when applied in the teaching of skills in the gymnastic and its significant role in delivering details of skill performance to the learner in proportion to the ability to analyze parts of the movement according to that principle, This program helps the learner to perform these skills in a manner consistent with the sensory modeling methods of these movements, trying to reach the best methods and the most appropriate for the sample of the research to reach an acceptable degree of mastery of the technical performance by the For students and according to the time period granted to them.
The research objectives were
1-Design of a questionnaire for the preference of sensory modeling to learn motor skills in the gymnastic.
2-To propose an educational program to teach human wheel movements and the Arab jump and the forecourt jump on the treadmill device in accordance with the visual sensory model.
The most important conclusions were: The results showed significant differences between statistical tests between the tribal and remote tests of the experimental group and for the experimental group in the motor skills in question.
The researchers recommended: The need to deal seriously with the subject of preference for sensory modeling in the delivery of information to the learner

Design and rationing test to measure the ability Allaoxgenih Allaktekah ( medium ) for basketball players applicants in Basrha

Nada Yousef Muhannaa; Prof.Dr Mustafa Abdul Rahman

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 26-37

The study aimed to
1. design and rationing test to measure the ability Allaoxgenih medium
for basketball players advanced level
2. Establish criteria ( grades and levels of standardized test designed
inhaler capacity Allaoxgenih and oxygenic for basketball players to
applicants )
Either approach has the researcher used the descriptive survey manner relations predictive of suitability nature of the problem. The research sample was the researcher determine the research community the way they deliberate applicants basketball players in the province of Basra for the sports season (2015-2016), it has reached the research community
(65) a player percentage (100%), registrars and sub-central Basketball Association records, then the researcher to choose the sample that will be applied by the tests and are codified them have included the 41 players representing clubs Basra and the port and the SOC team and the University of Basra, and it formed a percentage of (63.07%).
The most important conclusions were
1. designed and legalization of tests to assess the ability and Allaoxgenih
oxygenic for football players Basketball applicants.
2. The creation of standards ( standard grades and levels ) for the tests ,
which is designed As objective evidence to evaluate players by
comparing the individual within the group To which he belongs .
The recommendations were :
1. The need to adopt the tests that have been developed by the researcher
and codified and finding Standards have indicators to assess
Allaoxgenih and oxygenic capacity.
2. These tests can be considered as indicators to assess the level of
training through Used as a means of surveillance to identify the status
of the player through the stages of preparation, during Competition.

The effect of an educational program using small games on the development of certain physical variablesAnd skill at kindergarten

M.d.Sabah Abdullah Ibrahim

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 38-50

The research aims to Achtjarmjmuah small games to develop a specific kinetic capabilities and some basic movements of children aged 4-5 years, as well as "all know the impact of these games, was conducted this research in the period from 01.02.2016 till 05.03.2016 and on a sample from kindergarten stronghold of the year (2015-2016) and aged (4-5 years) and numbered (24) children ", has been divided into two equal groups, one pilot worked for small games and other officer worked-style practice, and each group consisted of 12 children" after making processes of uniformity and equality, as appropriate Akhttiaralachtbarat physical and skill set by the researcher with an exploratory experience miniature on a number of which (6) children from outside the sample basic research, with the use of tools and aids in the search were Ajraalachtbarat tribal groups and then apply small games within Altahlmyhalbalghaddha units (8) units in the period of eight weeks and it was the time of each Hdhho (45) minutes, then held the post tests, and then manipulate search results using appropriate statistical methods results, the researcher came Asttajat a number of the most important was that the small games program has a positive effect statistically significant the basic walking motor skills - running - jump - throwing - Altntit - kicking for the children of kindergarten., as well as the differences between tribal tests and a posteriori significantly emerged among members of the control group that underwent the approach followed for kindergarten, and in Duhzh conclusions researcher recommended the need to use gaming software small as it has a positive effect on the basic motor skills of children develop pre-school as well as the development of small games program as a way to kindergarten for the development of basic skills motor and the need for different tools and devices kindergartens and necessary motor activity because of their effective impact on the basic motor skills development .

The impact of the use of an educational curriculum in a cooperative (integrated and technical) method in teaching some ground movements for the third stage

Dr. Saad Laith Abdul Karim Researcher asst. Fatima Hassan Mohamed; Prof. Lamia Hassan Al-Diwan

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 51-61

Abstract: The great scientific development witnessed by the world in recent times as well as the development that covered the various fields and sciences is due to the use of modern methods and developed to reach the desired goals The sport has witnessed a remarkable development through the progress of sports levels, which resulted from the development through the interest of students to According to the principles and scientific formulas that lead them to achieve the best achievements with the least effort possible using the latest methods of teaching and sports Gymnastic one of the individual games that require special specifications and requirements in which the performance is characterized by accuracy and agility and beauty, and At the same time you need to have high physical, professional and motor specifications.
The problem of research is the lack of educational methods (traditional) and weak impact on the level of learning and performance and does not meet the requirements of progress in this area and not based on the principle of individual differences between learners, and the need to provide help and help for learners and beginners while learning Mathematical skills through the use of cooperative (integrative and technical) method within the educational units to develop the basic aspects of motor learning, including the skill, physical and dynamic aspects of diving skills and the human wheel because of their importance to contribute and accelerate the development of learning Raki for sports skills in general and for the two talents in the game of technical gymnastics in particular.

The physical intelligence of the motor and its relation to the performance of some offensive skills handball

M. Ghada Abboud Abdul Hussein

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 62-74

The research included the largestanding ofphysical-motor intelligence which isone ofthe importanttypes ofintelligencesin physical educationthat came in thetheory of multiple intelligenceswhich requiresthe use ofthe bodyorparts of itto solve problemsandthe ability to usemental abilitiesto coordinate themovements of the bodyanddo some workincludesphysicalskillssuch as coordination, handball considered as diverseskillsand changingattitudes game, needa methoddepends on thementalcapacityto learn theskillsandcapabilitiesof thisintelligentphysical-motor, and because we don’t know much about the abilities and skills of students in this kind of intelligence whereknowingthe degree of physical-motor intelligencehas a big roleit is possibleto have arelationshiporimportancein the learningprocessand the development oflearners'So the research aimed to identify the degree of intelligencephysical-motor and the relationshipbetween him and theperformance of someoffensiveskills of Handball, and also included assumptionsand humanfield who are the students of second stage at physical education and sport science college for women/ Baghdad University for the period from 25/4/2015 to 1/6/2015 and the measurement of (Khawla Ahmed 2006) was chosen of physical-motor intelligence, the fourth door included showing and discussing the results, the researcher concluded that the samplehave highlyintelligentbodily-kinesthetic good, and has a positiverelationship withthe performance ofsomeoffensiveskills, and recommendationsto emphasize thephysical-kinetic intelligenceduring theperformance ofsome of the skillsand the need toconduct researchon theskillsinother sports.

Compared to the aggressive trait among players boxing and wrestling coach at the College of Physical Education and Sports Science Study

M. Dr. Firas Abdel-Moneim Abdel-Razzaq

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 75-88

The research aims to identify the aggressive feature of the squad boxing team wrestling in Diyala University and the differences between to effective, as the researcher used the descriptive way of comparison to the suitability nature of the problem, that the community Component Search and specify teams Diyala universities and participants in the league championship, which was held at the College of Physical Education halls and sports science, and of the total number (48) boxer distributed (7) teams rate (22.9%) of the original community and (42) a famous distributors on (6) teams rate (26.19%) of the original community, was chosen as a researcher representative sample of teams of the university which teams Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science (boxing, wrestling) and the number (11 boxer 0.11 wrestler) Home for the experience that has been selected purposively, were excluded teams (Faculty of Agriculture, Faculty of Education, Pure Sciences) totaling (8.9) players selected in exploratory experiment. Then the researcher used the test (T.test) samples Independent to extract search results, concluded the researcher to a set of conclusions most important, there are no differences between the players elected boxing and players of the team wrestling which there is little difference in terms of characteristic aggressiveness, and the results showed that the value of (T) calculated (.192) is the lowest value of (T) Indexed the (2.09) when the degree of freedom (20) and under the function level (0.05), despite the fact that these two events of the individual games within Almnazlat games and direct contact, you need to violence and force, where the differences in a few aggressive trait between these two games featuring players boxing and wrestling big and aggressive, especially in competitions, but most of the players do not use this aggressive and important recommendations reached by the researcher trained to take into account the psychological characteristics of two angels and gladiators and harnessed in performance skills

The impact of using the self-initiative method in the development of some complex skills of football

Mr. Hazem Nouri Kazem; Dr. Mohamed Ali Faleh

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 89-100

One of the most popular sports games which has spread and expanded greatly is the game of football which has become the first collective game in the world and for all groups and for both sexes. The game of football is an organized group game characterized by excitement, suspense, accuracy, speed and high skill in performing collective and individual organizing.
The aim of the research is to:
1-Preparation of a curriculum to learn some basic skills of football (handling, quitting, rolling and scoring) and (for the knowledge of the hooks of football).
2-Identify the differences between the results of tribal and remote tests in the basic skills and knowledge of football in the use of the method (self-initiative)
3-To identify the differences between the results of the remote tests of the basic skills of football and the knowledge of the schematic in the use of the method (self-initiative).
The most important conclusions were: the use of self-initiative has improved and improved the basic skills (handling, rolling, scoring and putting down) of football.
It was recommended to: Use the self-initiative method as one of the teaching and training methods by the specialists in the field of sports.

Effect of using teaching methods (learning circles - peers) On some basic hand roller skills

Prof. Hussein Ali Mohsen; Prof. Sadiq Abbas Ali Mr. Mohammed Jaber Daoud

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 101-116

The research aims to prepare the curriculum according to the stylistic latitude and peer learning to teach some basic skills hand reel.and then identify their influence in the education process eieher hypothetical search:there are significant differences in the results of cardiac tests and a posteriori the two sets of research for the benefit of the results posterior there are also significant differences in the results of the post tests have been using the experimental method in the eye tested manner in randomized in cluded20 students from the faculty physical education division of the second phase (a)and divided in to two equal groups of(10) students per group,the researchers prepared a curriculum tzmn several educational modules have been used my technique (learning circles-peer).the most important conclusiond:the use of two modes under a positive effect on learning some basic skills in the game of football
Handball as well as there is variation in the results of the post tests for the two groups to learn some basic skills hand reel.the recommendations: similar studies also eat other kinds of sports diversity in the use of multiple methods of education through educational units to stir motivated learners.

Building a tool to measure the social responsibility of students

Prof. Dr. Thabet Hassan Gomaa; Prof. Dr. Fadal Abdel-Zahra Mezal

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 117-145

Adolesance is a highly crucial stage in the life of any individual since it witnesses the christalization of manhood / womanhood Earlyedification and enlightenment ofteenagers can free their latent energies into a creative sort of achievement in all fields of life .
Adolescents who suffer certain traumatic problems and events may develop disturbed , unstable personalities due to lack of Social Responsibility. Many studies indicated that the concept of Social Responsibility is greatly influenced by the power of the surrounding social factors .
The study was applied to a sample of (400) students in forth preparatory classes of the center of ALZubayr city during the a cadmic year (2013-2014 ) . The study starts with an introduction about the theoretical framework of the and the related literature both Arabic andforeign .
A( 56) item scale forSocial Responsibility was formulated divided into (28) positive items and (28) negative item .

Design and standardization of a battery for skilled testing of players of special categories (Deaf and Mute) of football For the sports season 2014-2015

Prof. Mustafa Abdel Rahman Mohamed; Ali Hussein Mnadi

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 146-163

A search on the front of the research and its importance which is to set design tests skill represented in the battery tests skill especially for football players with special needs (deaf and dumb), and the research problem are the lack of battery tests to assess the level of the skills that can be adopted as the basis for an objective scientific of Before working in this field for the selection of the best, and the research aims to design and rationing tests to measure skill variables for the deaf and dumb players in football, and the hypotheses extract the most saturation tests using the method statistical (factor analysis) and extract the scientific basis to it. The research procedures, the researcher used the descriptive style survey of suitability to solve the problem of the research, as the researcher determine community and sample the way intentional and they seemed to deaf and dumb football in the southern region (Basra Alamarh- Muthanna) and who represent the Paralympic committees where the number of Allaobei sample ( 42) players for the application of selected tests on them and conduct the analytical world.

Suggested education program effect for use some apparatus and associated tools in develop importance side learning skills of agreat background course on horizontal bar

Assist prof . Dr. MantadarMagead Ali; MartadaMahsenAbd

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 164-180

Consider skills of agreat background circle on horizontal bar from skills that face for it players difficult in learning for many reason for example: fear from fall and injury, for that researcher prepared education program for use apparatuses and associated tools for facilitating learning operation, this skills consideration some necessary learning sides, distinguished strength of speed on the one hand physical and shoulder flexibility about movement side, researcher reach to so many conclusions remarkable thing activity suggested program that practiced on simple of gymnastic players in age fourteen year ,also researcher recommended for instruction set : most interest from use apparatuses and tools in education course, becauseits exemplar style to investment time.

(Design and rationing specialized test to measure Mtaulp speed in terms of the effectiveness of the enzyme CPK and LDH and blood pH players boxing)

Kamal ZekiKamel; Prof. Dr. Abdel-KadhimJalil Hassan Prof. Dr. Mustafa Abdel-Rahman

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 181-195

The research importance of finding a new evaluation process is consistent with the nature and character of this game with the aid of some medical techniques and statistical procedures that would have reached on the precise objective results that enable workers in the field of training in line with the possibility of players to get to their best levels.The research problem in the study of this case, as is through the design and technical specialist testing laboratory for measuring recipe Mtaulp speed of the players, boxing, according to the variables enzyme CPK and the LDH and acidic blood PH and the development of standards and Mahkat that enables trainers and workers in the field to assess the status and give them scientific and logical basis on which Adopt in the legalization of training programs to raise the level.The objective of this research to design and legalization of specialized tests to measure recipe Mtaulp speed in terms of enzymatic CPK and the LDH and acidic blood PH players boxing, as well as creating standards (grades and standard levels) testing specialist to measure the recipe Mtaulp speed of the players boxing.The research represents the human sphere my players Boxing applicants in the province of Basra, and determine the temporal sphere period from 31/07/2015 until 06/05/2016, either spatial area was south Sports Club in the province of Basra - and pathological laboratory analyzes. Either field research methodology and procedures, the researchers used the descriptive approach in a way scanning and connectivity relations. The research sample has reached 40 players representing (7) clubs of the province of Basra players Boxing applicants where this number is a percentage of (72.7%) of the original research community and adult (55) player. This chapter also included the tools and equipment used and the means of information gathering and testing of the proposed experiments and exploratory and main research. The most important conclusions related to research encompassing the following: - Design and legalization of the test to measure the speed Mtaulp terms of CPK and LDH enzymatic and pH of the blood PH players boxing.
2. Find the standard grades and levels for testing and is considered as an indicator to measure the physical performance of the players and serve as objective evidence to evaluate players by comparing the individual within the group to which he belongs.
3. afternoon that there is variation and difference between respondents in their access to standard grades and different levels and rates and this shows the validity of the test is designed to measure for him through excellence among individuals and knowledge of individual differences and the state of adjustment for each player.

The effect of training overlap using aerobic exercises in the development of some physical abilities and basic skills in tennis chairs

A.D. Muntazir Majeed Ali Yousef Salman Khalil; A.D. Aqil Hassan Faleh

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 196-213

The research included five chapters as the importance of research in the presentation of anaerobic exercises that are similar and suitable for the development of physical abilities and the basic skills of players tennis chairs according to the training overlap daily or weekly training units so that the workers in the field of tennis training and the disabled know the importance of this exercise in the development of performance The researcher noted through his experience in the field there is some weakness in the use of exercises are more appropriate in the development of physical abilities and basic skills and this is not only In the overlap of the training methods and methods, which have a clear effect in raising the level of performance, whether physical and physical and hence the problem manifested in the impact of training overlap, which can be applied in training units for wheelchair tennis players and the impact on some of the physical abilities and basic skills

Some patterns of personal relationship and the level of performance skills of 0some of the ground movements of the players gymnastics at the Faculty of

M. Edit Ibrahim Ismail

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 214-227

The research aims to: -
identify personal patterns of players gymnastics at the Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences / University of Mustansiriya
- Understand the relationship between personal patterns and the level of performance skills of some of the ground movements of the players gymnastics at the Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences / University of Mustansiriya
The research hypotheses were: -
There are differences in the patterns and the level of personal Odaelaobei gymnastics at the Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences / University of Mustansiriya
There are significant differences between the modes of personal skills and the level of performance of some of the ground movements of the players gymnastics at the Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences / University of Mustansiriya relationship>
And researcher descriptive approach adopted survey manner relations connectivity in drawing conclusions, and corrupted the research community of the students of the Faculty of Physical Education, the first phase of the academic year (2015-2016), totaling 81 students and student representatives (3) people are (abc) after the excludedstudents and 11 female students and their number infected and the number (3) and sample the exploratory experience and number (5) number of students. Thus, it became the sample (62)
Freiburg researcher used test to measure patterns of personal and tests Ro front and rear in the earth's movements, the researcher conducted a pilot test on a sample of players of gymnastics is the basic research sample.
As used statistical system (spss) and from which the extract circles, standard deviations, and the arithmetic mean of the reference and the correlation coefficient (Pearson).

The effect of the competitive method in learning some offensive and defensive skillsIn the fencing of the beginner in fencing

Prof. Ahmed Abdul Aziz Obeid; M. Mushtaq Hamid Abdullah

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 228-243

Exercise in a competitive manner is necessary during individual or multiple-parent activities, especially those where the learners are face-to-face with competitive performance and therefore an important and necessary catalyst for developing the level.
The research aims to
1-Identify the effect of the competitive method in learning some offensive and defensive skills
2-Identification of the differences in the tribal and remote tests of the control and experimental groups in the research variables under study.
The most important conclusions: that the competitive method has a positive impact on the level of learning some of the basic skills offensive and defensive in the fencing in the sport of fencing.
The most important recommendations: the use of competitive exercises that have been applied in accordance with the competitive method in this research to develop the technical performance in learning defensive and offensive skills in the sport of the fencing of the weapon of Shesh.

Effect of Rehabilitation Curriculum on the Development of Respiratory Sufficiency (Respiratory) Singular Lung Recipients

Dr. Osama Ahmed Hussein Al-Tai; Prof. Dr. Hamid Saleh Mahdi Al-Yasiri

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 244-250

The respiratory system is one of the important vital organs in the body because it provides the oxygen necessary to release energy and its follow-up is a priority to reveal the clear indications of its efficiency. Hence, the importance of research in the preparation of a rehabilitation curriculum for the development of respiratory function for people with mononucleosis. The problem of research in the follow-up of patients and limited to medical examinations and non-use of physical therapy to rehabilitate the person with healthy lung activation, which helps to reduce the damage caused by the respiratory system and the adequacy of respiratory functions. The aim of the study was to prepare a rehabilitation curriculum for the development of respiratory functions for people with mononucleosis, as well as the impact of the rehabilitation approach to develop respiratory function for people with lung Unilateralism The researchers used the experimental method as well as the data was collected and tabulated in a table and discussed by the sources. The researchers concluded that the implementation of the rehabilitation curriculum prepared to improve all respiratory functions under consideration.

The impact of the V-shape strategy on learning basic skills in a breaststroke

Prof. Dr. Najlaa Abbas; Prof. Dr.BoshraKazem A. Prof.Intisar Ahmed

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 251-265

The aim of the research is to identify the effect of the V strategy on learning the basic skills of the breaststroke.
There were no statistically significant differences between the remote tests in the breaststroke test with the two men only for a distance of 20 m
There were no statistically significant differences between the remote tests in the breaststroke -arm test for only 20 meters.
There were no statistically significant differences between the remote tests in the 25-meter breaststroke test.
The researchers used the experimental method of post-test for the experimental and control groups.
The research society was chosen in a deliberate manner by the students of the second stage in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - University of Baghdad, the number of (81) students for the academic year 2016-2017, divided into three divisions, and the random sample was selected (54) (27) students in each division. After excluding the sample of the pilot experiment, the sample of the study was selected. The sample was 40 students divided into (20) students per division, (49.38%).
The average age of the total sample (20 years), and the researchers assumed that the sample is homogeneous because the female students from the beginnings and their ages and levels are close and within one study stage and only females.
After processing the data, the following conclusions were reached:
1 - The educational units prepared by the strategy of Figure (V) have a positive impact in learning the basic skills of breaststroke.
2 - The experimental group showed a remarkable development in all tests through the significance of differences and demonstrated by the results of the post-test.
3) The strategy of form( V) transformed the students from receiving the information into their participations..
The researchers recommend the use of the strategy of Form( V) in the teaching of various games and events within the curriculum of the faculties of physical education and sports sciences for the participation of students in lectures, as well as distance them from the traditional context.

In fluence of mind Relaxation on Lack of listening and Knowledge Accumulation fifth primary stage students with ADHD .

d. Abdul sattar Jabbar Dhumad . A. Buthaina Jameel

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 266-282

The Importance and problem of the ressearch :
One of the challerges facing the teachers today is the treatment of increasing number of students who don`t listen to whatis said in the class , the abilty to loss attention , difficulty of listening , and their inability of settlement in one plsce during the lesson .
The Aim sof the Research is :
1- Building and adopting a scale of Knowledge accumulation for ADHD student in the fifth primary stage with lack of listening .
2- Knoning the effect of mind relaxation on lac; of listening for fifth primary stage students
The Hypotheses of the Research is :
1- There are statistical differences in lack of listening in the experimental group between pre and post measurement and for the post measurement .
2- There are statistical differences in lack of listening between experimental and standard groups in the post measurement , and for the experimental group .
The researchers used the experimental programme in astyle of standard and experimental groups . The samples of the study were titth primary stage students with ADHD . One of the most important conclusions is the influential effect of mind relaxation on lack of listening and Knowledge accumulation . Also , the most important recommendations is the use of mind relaxation for igs importance in deceasing lack of listening .

Analytical study of the physical effort and its relationship to power and accuracy correction of the handball players

HAYDER ODDA ZEGHAIR

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 283-302

Part 1 that the training requirements of the modern handball must be completed for the team and the player in all respects the physical and technical skills and tactical and training is the size of one of the basic pillars in the training as well as the intensity components and the rest period in the tool and ferquency during one training search aims to identify the relationship of the special force strength and accuracy correction through various research sample effort, part 5.conclusions and the most important one-to test the strength and accuracy correction during high-voltage is the most realistic conditions than the rest of the game effort levels of power and accuracy correction in handball.

Design and standardization of fitness tests according to some technical skills of young volleyball players

Dr.Qaswer Abdul Hamid Abdul Wahed

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 303-314

The importance of research in the design and standardization of tests through which the measurement of agility. The problem of research in these tests on the one hand and on the other hand not to allocate these tests to volleyball The objectives of the research are: 1 - Design and standardization tests to measure the fitness of young volleyball players 2 - Standard scores and levels for their fitness tests. The researcher used the descriptive method in the survey method. The sample of the study is (50). The researcher reached the conclusions 1 - that the tests designed by the researcher can measure the agility of the players Young Volleyball 2. The standard grades and standards extracted by the researcher represent the true level of performance of the research sample. One of the most important recommendations is the use of tests designed to measure the
fitness of young volleyball players.

The impact of an educational curriculum based on the cognitive approach (Tamils vs. impulse) Learn some basic skills in wrestling

Ahmed Abdel - Zahra; Dr. Laith Mohammed Hussein

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 315-336

The objective of the research is to identify the effect of the proposed educational program in learning basic skills in wrestling and to identify which fields are more appropriate in learning some wrestling.
The research community represents students of the third stage in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - University of Basrah for the academic year 2016 - 2017 (144) students distributed to (6) people, because the wrestling material of the methodology for this stage, and the students of this stage is often who is not They have previous experience in wrestling material in terms of learning basic skills (musketeers) under consideration. The researcher selected 4 randomized people (A, B, C and D), which contained (99) students, such as the sample of the research and (230.69) of the total society, and then the researcher distributed the measure of cognitive method (reflective - impulse) (A) to be the group of the trainees and the division (b) to be the group of the intruders, and the division (c) to be the group of the interns, and the division (d) to be the group of the ascetics, on the basis that these people contain (16) And then the researcher chose 12 students from each method of knowledge, in the drawing method, and then chose the two groups (A and B) to represent the two experimental groups For the first and second and the two divisions (C and D) to represent the two groups of officers, the researcher prepared the main experiment, which consisted of (8) educational units and then implemented on the research groups as of Tuesday 22/11/2016 and ends on Thursday 12/1/2017 for (8) ) With one unit per week.
The study groups were taught as follows: The first experimental group with the cognitive field and the second experimental group with the impulse field were taught according to the proposed educational program. The educational material was given to two groups. The difference between the two groups will be only in the main section in the method used to modify the rhythm Cognitive cognitive impulse is as follows:
1- Increase motivation to slow down and take advantage of incentives.
2- Through tradition, introduce a model that students see as a tradition of behavior that is measured or manipulated.
The preparatory section and the closing section are similar. The first control group with the field of reflection and the second control group with the field of acceleration. The method was applied in the traditional way by the teacher after conducting an exploratory experiment and giving two identification units for each group. After processing the results of tribal and remote tests using appropriate statistical methods The researcher concluded the following:
1- The use of both the proposed curriculum and the traditional method according to the cognitive method (reflective - impulse) has shown a positive impact in the learning of basic skills (muskete) under the subject of wrestling
2- The proposed approach is better than the traditional method of learning basic skills (muskete) under the subject of wrestling
3- There are no statistically significant differences in the basic skills (muskete) under the study of wrestling between the experimental groups in the tests of dimension
4- educated people who have learned according to the traditional method more able to learn the basic skills (muskete) under the subject of wrestling from the rushing people.

Relationship Functionality rapid attack in handball

MD Ahmed Abdul Amir Ahmad; MD Jassim Saleh Jasim

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 337-345

The research includes five doors, the door was first pointed out the importance of research and problem centered in that most coaches focus on performance skills nor are giving importance to functional variables, including the functional efficiency, which directly affect the performance skills. The study aimed to identify the level of functional efficiency and rapid attack, and to identify the relationship between them in a sample search
The second section has touched on some theoretical aspects of explaining them briefly.
Researchers has been used in Part III: the descriptive approach, and the research sample represented my players training center for handball in Basra's (15) for the player.
I have been using some of the physiological tests to determine the level of functional competence of the research sample.
After extracting the results using statistical methods, the researcher concluded:
1. The results showed a strong correlation between physical efficiency and rapid attack hand reel and this is caused due to the evolution of the functional efficiency of the devices as a result of training, and this is reflected in the overwhelming transmission performance.
2. The physiologic functional efficiency is important and necessary to the players training center for handball in Basra .
The researcher recommended
1. Paying attention to the development of physical training efficiency programs.
2. Find More studies of other physiological variables.
3. The fast attack is necessary to develop the handball player because it significantly contributes to the win.

Design and manufacture of a device for measuring optical kinetic Movement of backstabbing foil

Ph.Dr.fatimah Abed Malih; Dr.aseel naji; Dr.noor hatem

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 346-358

The problem of research is to find modern tests with scientific specifications to measure the movement of the challenge, which is the most important skills in the sport of fencing, being one of the basic movements and offensive in the sport of fencing, in order to win and resolve games. Where experts and trainers are keen to pay attention to the performance of the player in this movement and to measure and test, and neglect of the training in how to measure the optical motor ability to challenge and give accurate information based on scientific basis in the evaluation of the level of players skill and physical. Therefore, researchers have to go into this field by designing a test to measure the visual motor ability to challenge the gun by a factory device and then set the standard grades for this test for students of the third stage in the Faculty of Physical Education and Mathematical Sciences. The researchers used the descriptive approach to suit the nature of the research. The test was applied to 57 students. After conducting the scientific procedures for the test and its application, it was found to find standard grades for the female laboratory students, and it was concluded that the test efficiently measures the visual ability of the movement to challenge the fencing.

The design of an auxiliary device to measure the performance of some skills Offensive for young saber weapons For the southern region

Sara Sami Shabib; Dr. Salam Jaber Abdullah; Dr. MakkiJabarOdeh

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 359-373

The sport of chess is an important sport that contributes to the upgrading of the physical and skill level, the sport of attack and defense between competitors trying to each of them to record touches on the other, as well as the performance of high-level technical and precise technology needs to excellent mobility possibilities. Thus, the importance of research lies in the design of an auxiliary mechanical mechanic to measure the performance of some skills
Offensive for young saber weapons
The research objective was:
1 - Design of a device that helps to test the players to assess the performance of some of the offensive skills of the players of the young saber weapons in the southern region.
2 - Design a form to measure the level of performance of some of the offensive skills of the players of the young sword in the southern region
3 - Finding the standard grades through the results of the test extracted and work levels.
1-4 Research Areas
1-4-1 Human Field: A sample of players in the southern region with a sword.
1.4.2 Time domain: 1/11/2016 -1/5/2017
1-4-3 Sphere: College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences / University of Basrah The closed hall in the representation of the Olympic Committee
Part Two: Theoretical Studies
Including related subjects and some weapons skills
Part III: Research methodology and field procedures
The definition of the methodology used, as well as the description of the research sample, the tools and the research instruments, included the measurements used in addition to the main experiment and statistical processes.
Section 4: Presentation, analysis and discussion of results
In this section, which deals with the presentation of the results and their analysis, the researcher has achieved through the sampling of the samples.
1. Conclusions:
1. In the straight and direct rotation staining tests, the results of the majority of the research sample were below (very good) and (acceptable-good).
In light of the results, the researcher recommends the following:
1. Adopting the machine to assist the testers in the skill tests with the fencing game

A comparative study of the speed of reaction and the speed of motor response in performanceThe skill of individual wall of volleyball

ad Abboud; Dr. Mostafa Abdel Mohi; Dr.D. Zainab Abdel Rahim Khodair Mr. Assad As

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 53, Issue 1818, Pages 374-387

The importance of research is to find a way to contribute to the real level of speed of the motor response to the performance of the individual wall barrier.
The research objectives were:
1-Design and regulation of a device to measure the speed of response and speed of movement of the skill of individual wall of the players of the Premier League clubs for the central and southern region of the season 2011-2012.
2-Determination of the levels and levels of the parameters of the accuracy of the speed of response and the speed of movement of the skill of individual wall of the players of the Premier League clubs for the central and southern region of the sports season 2011-2012.
Key conclusions:
1-The device was designed to measure the speed of the motor response to individual wall barrier skills.
2-The speedometer of the individual response barrier for the volleyball team of the 2011-2012 season has been designed and standardized.
The most important recommendations:
1-Utilize the device designed by researchers and specialists in assessing their players in measuring the response speed and speed of movement of the skill of individual repulsion.
2-legalize this device on other samples for young people and young people and age groups for girls and find standards for them.

Identify the most important tests of skill players in junior wrestling specialist school wrestling in Basra

d. Maad Salman Ibrahim Jalal Abdul-Zahra Canaan; d.Raed Mohammedt

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 52, Issue 1818, Pages 394-413

The progress and development in the area of the main pillar for the progress and development of science tests no matter how different kinds and backgrounds, they are all measured and assess the extent of the precision with which they reached the tests in their research and study and through tests can identify the level of ambition of wrestling they give us and through accurate statistical results to the level of the real players, this leads us to identify where we get very tests which figures to reward the qualities of individuals in accordance with well-defined rules.
The research problem lies in that most coaches are not able to distinguish between the most appropriate skills tests that are commensurate with the junior category .
The research aims to identify the most important skill tests for junior ages (12_14) years in the allocative school wrestling in Basra
Conclusions:was reached to determine the most important skill tests technical performance in the game of wrestling, which is one of the most important skills tests for junior aged (12-14 years) and in accordance with the factor analysis .
Recommendations:- interest in the importance of skill tests drawn by the researcher in his quest to become a real indicator of the coaches in the development of young players in the game of wrestling.

The level of organizational citizenship behavior among lecturers cadre in faculty and departments of physical education in Salahuddin and Soran and Koya universities

Abdul Hakim Mustafa Rasool

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 46, Issue 1818, Pages 176-192

The research aims to identify the level of organizational citizenship behavior among faculty and departments members at college of departments of physical education in Salahuddin universities and Soran and Koya departments of physical education .
The theoretical framework has dealt with organizational citizenship behavior and the importance of organizational citizenship behavior and the underlying determinants of organizational citizenship behavior and organizational citizenship components.
In research procedures researcher used descriptive manner survey as the best way to resolve the problem of the research, the research community has been included (85) pedagogy and teaching, has been selected a sample comprehensive inventory.
To achieve the objectives of the research, the researcher used the following statistical methods: the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, for the simple correlation coefficient (Pearson), analysis of variance.
And researcher reached the following conclusions:
1. The lack of significant differences in the level of organizational citizenship behavior among the teaching staff in the Faculty of Physical Education at the University of Salahuddin and department of physical education at the Universities of Koya and Soran.
2. You can activate and strengthen organizational citizenship behaviors through the practice of voluntary activity is a fee for the benefit of everyone.
3. the ability of educational institutions to install and activate the positive behaviors.
4. few problems that occur between members
Educational institution increase its cohesion and its ability to avoid some lapses.

The researcher recommended:
1. encourage any effort to enhance citizenship behaviors in educational institutions that are primarily denominated in the state and society, the fact that the university is the living area, which interact and embodied the scientific and behavioral proper upbringing.
2. outreach workers in all educational institutions and other behaviors of the importance of citizenship and positives through meetings and seminars that stimulate the contract.
3. pursue human resources management in the educational institutions of the policies that develop citizenship behaviors through training and scientific effort and work teams.
4. equivalent citizenship behaviors among workers, including encouraging them to continue where, contain and resolve the problems surrounding the work in a friendly spirit.

Comparative study to measure the efficiency of the parasympathetic nervous system in terms of eye reactionHeart and its relationship to the speedy recovery and accurate scoring of playersDifferent play centers for football.

Dr. Mustafa Abdel Rahman Mohamed; Dr. Majid Sabbar Mohammed Dr. Haidar Awfi Ahmed

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 52, Issue 1818, Pages 326-337

The importance of research is to identify the role of the parasympathetic nervous system in the performance of sports through the test of the eye reaction of the heart of the players of various centers of football and the relationship with the speed of recovery and accuracy of scoring in the athlete.
The objectives of the research were
1- Identify the differences in the level of efficiency of the parasympathetic nervous system in terms of the reaction of the cardiac eye to the players of the different centers of football.
2-To identify the relationship between the level of efficiency of the parasympathetic nervous system in terms of the reaction of the eye and cardiac speed of hospitalization and accuracy of scoring for players of various centers of football.
The most important conclusions: the more effective the nervous system (Alsambthawi and Parasympathetic) increased the state of compatibility and accuracy in the performance of the movement between the eye and the goal to pay towards
The researchers also carried out additional studies and studies to determine the effect of the parasympathetic nervous system on the rest of the body and on the skill and planning performance of the players.

Find standard scores and levels for fitness tests to accept Female students in the Faculty of Physical Education

Dr. Osman Mustafa Osman M. Baland Najat Ali; Company of Suleiman Omar

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 51, Issue 1818, Pages 47-64

Summary of the Arab Research:
Despite the existence of standard scores for fitness tests for students, these standards are temporary and invalid over time for the differences of individual differences between them, as most scientific sources in the field of measurement and evaluation to the need to make some adjustments or switch in some cases for tests and criteria after each (3) years because it weakens its quality, as well as for its suitability to the level of changes that occur at the level of the same communities that have been tested, and here lies the problem of research in answering some of the questions:
1- Do the new standards give us a scientific measure characterized by honesty and objectivity can be inferred through the evaluation process the level of fitness for students?
2-Are the results obtained through physical tests distributed natural distribution among the members of the research sample?
3- Are there appropriate and specific criteria that reveal the true level of selection and selection of talent?
The research aims to:
- Finding standard levels and levels of fitness tests for female students who are accepted for admission to the Faculty of Physical Education, Salahuddin University, Erbil.
The researchers used the descriptive method in the survey method to suit the nature of the research. The researchers adopted the deliberate method as the basis for selecting the research society represented by the female students of admission to the Faculty of Physical Education, University of Salahaddin - Erbil for the two academic years 2014-2015 and 2016-2016. ). The sample of the study included female students (432) female students. The researchers used the statistical program (Excel Spss).
استنتاجات Research findings:
- We have found the grades and standard levels for fitness tests for female students to be accepted in the Faculty of Physical Education in accordance with the existing environment.
- The results of the tests were distributed naturally within the natural curve and most of the research sample was at the level of (average and acceptable), except in the test (attachment to the mind) the results of the test were limited between the level (average, acceptable and weak).

EFFECT TWO Training program WITH DIFFERENT WORK TO REST RATION IN ON DEVELOPING THE AEROBIC ENDURANCE AND THE AVERAGE OF PULSE RATE IN RECOVERY PERIOD FOR YOUTH SOCCER PLAYERS

Prof. Dr. Sharif capable; Prof. Dr. Jamil Khader Ali

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 47, Issue 1818, Pages 336-349

Aerobic endurance is the one of the important basic physiological characteristics for most of sport activation
in the training process whether they rely on oxygen system in the performance ornot.
The current research is attempting in order that to know the important of decreasing the periods rest
between the repetitions for youth soccer players through designing two suggested training programs based up
on the proposed chart by fox and mathews, as two work ratios experimented
relative to the rest as(1:0.5) and (1:0.25 relied upon the first section from the four area that is specified to
develop theaerobic endurance.

Study the efficiency of the social skills of young footballers

Dr. Ahmed Abdel-Aziz al-Obaid

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 31, Issue 1818, Pages 249-266

A search on the five-door, as follows:
Contains the first chapter to the introduction and the importance of research, where lies the importance of research in the improvement and team-building, where is the direct relationship between social skills and motivation of achievement has touched the researchers to the research problem and they see the lack of knowledge of trained social skills, especially that of the most important objectives of the research: -
1 - construction and application of a measure of the efficiency of the social skills of young footballers.
2 - identify levels axes measure the efficiency of social skills.
The hypotheses were the basis of representing the work of researchers and the most important of which is to know the efficiency of social skills.
The door is human fields were to young footballers to clubs Basra and spatial domain golf clubs, sports and continued to search for a time of from 10 / 3 until 20/5/2011.
of the conclusions and most important of which: -
1 - have been identified on the axes measure the efficiency levels of social skills among a sample of research and the five levels.
In so doing, the researchers recommend: -
1 - Establish a cadre of academic qualification and a specialist in the preparation and implementation of the psychological, social and educational guidance.
2 - on the coaches attention to psycho-social services to the players by putting exercises to develop social skills.

Identify the most important tests of skill players in junior wrestling specialist school wrestling in Basra

d. Maad Salman Ibrahim Jalal Abdul-Zahra Canaan; d.Raed Mohammedt

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 52, Issue 1818, Pages 394-413

The progress and development in the area of the main pillar for the progress and development of science tests no matter how different kinds and backgrounds, they are all measured and assess the extent of the precision with which they reached the tests in their research and study and through tests can identify the level of ambition of wrestling they give us and through accurate statistical results to the level of the real players, this leads us to identify where we get very tests which figures to reward the qualities of individuals in accordance with well-defined rules.
The research problem lies in that most coaches are not able to distinguish between the most appropriate skills tests that are commensurate with the junior category .
The research aims to identify the most important skill tests for junior ages (12_14) years in the allocative school wrestling in Basra
Conclusions:was reached to determine the most important skill tests technical performance in the game of wrestling, which is one of the most important skills tests for junior aged (12-14 years) and in accordance with the factor analysis .
Recommendations:- interest in the importance of skill tests drawn by the researcher in his quest to become a real indicator of the coaches in the development of young players in the game of wrestling.

Analysis of the relationship between some variables kinematical during the last rotation and disposal in the throw hammer for applicants

Mohammed Jasim Othman Prof. Dr. Hachim Shani Oda

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 36, Issue 1818, Pages 156-181

The study aimed to:
- Provided and the importance of research, which included the importance aware Biomechanical in identifying differences in the variables kinematical in hammer throw and uses through kinetic analysis using technical devices to identify deficiencies in the motor performance.
Add to contain the problem, which was not used the right foundations in Iraq and not to give good results and lack of players this event in the technical performance and the non-application of mechanical principles and foundations.
Objective of this research: Identify the relationship in some values variables kinematical during the last rotation and disposal in the hammer throw champion Iraq to applicants .
- We dealt with in this section concept Biomechanical, has also been addressed mechanical foundations in the hammer throw, which significantly affect the achievement and technical performance stages for the hammer throw .
- Researchers used the descriptive method manner relations relational who analyzed some of the variables kinematical for research sample, were gathering information by three cameras type (Dejetal) frequency (300 image / s) through experience major then transferred the information to a computer for the purpose of analysis with the method of calculating the variables and then treatment by statistical means., and after processing the data to your computer according to the statistical program SPSS Ver 10,
-was reached on a set of conclusions, including:
1. It became clear that the research sample achieved a convergence of some of the variables compared to the heroes of applicants and strayed far from outstanding hero
2. Appeared there were significant correlation relationships and inverse proportional to some variables kinematical
The main recommendations are:
1. Emphasis on the speed of movement of the body during the rotation, as well as speed tee
2. Emphasis on the work of the corners of the body with vinegar hammer angles of rotation
3. Emphasis on the high and low body joints as needed

Study of compare in some motor abilities According to Nerve conduction velocity for Gymnastic players

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 32, Issue 1818, Pages 173-195

The researcher aims to :
1. Identify the differences between two groups ( high conduction velocity and low conduction velocity ) in the results of the tests of motor abilities for Gymnastic players .
2. Identify the relation ship between nerve conduction velocity motor abilities for Gymnastic players .
The researcher applied descriptive Curricula on the pattern was elected Intentionally , included ( 17 ) players trained at gymnastic training center of primary school of Ahmed Hassan Martyr . Their ranged ( 9 – 10 ) years . to avoid factors that's effect in results of experiments , Such as length , weight and age using Skewness , so that has been used many tests to measure variable conduction velocity , balance , guilty and coordination , upon processing data by computer applying SPSS Ver 10 software , It's concluded the following :
1. An Significant correlation relation ship has been found between velocity and some of motor abilities .
2. It's appeared that the high conduction velocity group was better than the low conduction velocity group in the result of the test motor abilities .
Recommendations :
1. Choosing the learners should be from those who have fast neurotic signal and significant strong signal in the game that require high performance speed such as gymnastic .

A study of the points of Middle Nourosis in determining the prophecy Ability for Activity Correspondence .

Assist.prof. Muntadher Majeed Dr.Lect. Mazin Mohmmed; Buthaina Jameel

Journal of studies and reseaches of sport education, Volume 35, Issue 1818, Pages 26-34

The research consists of five sections as the following:
The Definition of the Research :
The prophecy to the Abilities of the player results in limiting the time, spending , and attempts . It also helps the player to raise his level to a higher one in a specific sport . To attain the aim of the player , it is necessary to study the points of middle neurosis so as to know the prophecy ability for Activity correspondence since it plays an active role in the probability of the player's continuity in the competitions in an excellent level in the future .

The research aims at knowing the equation of prophecy for the correspondence activity depending on the points of middle neurosis in the players of tennis for the amatures .
The hypothesis :
An ability of prophecy for the activity correspondence depending on the points of middle neurosis. The researcher had used the descriptive approach on a haphazard chosen sample. It includes (5 ) players from the national team of tennis in Basra city . The researcher had made the test on Wednesday 18/9/2012 in the Olympic Stadium . As for the test of speed of electric intimacy in the lab of Doctor Shaima Al – Sharify , The results were processed by the statistical system and some conclusions have been achieved :
- A high ability of prophecy for the activity correspondence and its relation with the speed of neurotic symbol .

The important recommendations:
- The reliability of the equation of prophecy for knowing the level of activity correspondence for the players of tennis .

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